Because 70% of its surface is covered by water. But the reality is that fresh water – the part we drink, we cook with, we bathe in and use for agriculture – represents only 3% of the world’s water resources and 2/3 of that is not reachable because it’s stored in glaciers.
Almost every person in developed countries has safe water available at the twist of a tap. But this is not the case elsewhere and it might no longer be the case tomorrow.
In 2020, 1 in 4 people lacked safely managed drinking water. At this rate, 1.6 billion people will still lack drinking water at home by 2030 (UNICEF)
Around four billion people suffer from severe water scarcity
By contrast, the so-called economic water scarcity is the result of poor management of the sufficient available water resources. UNDP has in fact stated that most countries or regions have enough water to meet household, industrial, agricultural, and environmental needs, but they lack the means to provide it in an accessible manner.